Patient safety certificate arises from the need to improve aspects of patient care that may affect their safety, since in some occasions patients admitted to healthcare centres develop an Adverse Event during the stay, and most of these cases could have been prevented.
The most common preventable Adverse Events are related to infections, medication or incidents related to risky procedures, especially surgical infections. The cost of these events has not been determined, but could be estimated up to $5.6 million each year per hospital, depending on the hospital size.
Patient safety is an international movement led by the World Health Organization, the European Union, the European Council, the American Institute of Medicine and the main quality agencies in the world, which along with States develop strategies to manage healthcare risks and to change culture in both professionals and citizens.
In particular the evaluated competences are: